J.W. Clinedinst Co. - Clinedinst Carriage & Motor Co. - 1855-1920s - New Market, Virginia


At one time Clinedinst was a very large concern employing 19  blacksmiths with over 50 carriages under construction at a time.

FORMERLY JOHN W. CLINEDINST, Manufacturer of Buggies, Phaetons, Surreys, Spring Wagons, &c.

Located on Route 211, New Market, Virginia
Built in 1855

Clinedinst Carriages were known over a wide territory and had the reputation of being the best that could be bought anywhere. His carriages were used by the most prominent families of the country, and the quality of the workmanship justified the familiar saying, "If its made by Clinedinst, its alright."

John W. Clinedinst was one of the soldiers detailed to go to Charles Town under orders from Governor Henry A. Wise to do guard duty in connection with the trial of John Brown. He serverd in the Tenth Legion Artillery, Capt. M.M. Sibert commanding. According to an article in the 9 Dec 1859 edition of the Spirit of Democracy, a newspaper published in New Market before the Civil War.

John W. Clinedinst (1837 - 1923) is buried at St. Matthews Lutheran Cemetery in New Market.

Ownership history

Deed Book 2, page 426
15 Jun 1854:

Between William Wickes and Wilmouth Ann his wife, and Jacob Clinedinst, for $750 to be paid as follows: $150 down, $150 the 15th day of Dec. 1854, $200 the 15th day of June 1855, and $50 on the 15th day of Dec. 1855, $150 Jun 15th 1856, and the remaining $50 Dec. 15th, 1856 for lot #47 in New Market.

Deed Book 8, page 122
16 Apr 1867:

Between Jacob Clinedinst and John W. Clinedinst for the sum of $900 in U.S. Currency by its law paid and to be paid as follows: $400 paid in hand, $100 to be paid on or before May 1st, 1868, $300 on or before May 1st, 1869, $100 the remainder thereof on or before may 1st, 1870, for which deferred payments the said John W. Clinedinst is to execute his own personal bonds, bearing no interest until due, payable in U.S. Treasury or National Bank Notes at his election, Sell unto the said John W. Clinedinst, the following real estate and personal property to wit - lot in New market known in plat of the town as lot Number, ....., being same lot purchased by Jacob Clinedinst of William Wickes and wife, in or about, 1855. With all buildings, rights, privileges, etc. and also all personal property household and kitchen furniture and all tools used or which may be used about the business of carriage making.

Deed Book 84, page 150
18 Jun 1917:

Jacob C. Crim and Hethie his wife, John D. Crim, Robert O'Roark and Nannie his wife, and J.W. Clinedinst and J.W. Clinedinst Carriage and Motor Co. Inc. for the sum of $1.00 cash and 1500 shares of its Capital Stock of par value of $10.00 each to be issued to parties of the first part as per deed. The 1/2 acre of land and Clinedinst Carriage Mfg. shops are located. The said lands hereby conveyed being purchased by J.W. Clinedinst from his father, Jacob Clinedinst and Dr. Rufus Bowman.


John William Clinedinst, my great-great uncle, started the J. W. Clinedinst Co. on old Sperryville Turnpike in New Market, Va. He was born in Brownsburg, Va. in Rockbridge County. The carriage co. began in 1855 by his father, and was enhanced by John William's purchase of a carriage(?) co. from the Windles here in 1868(?). The original building included 2 houses with the space in between roofed over and windows in each end. We grew up playing around the 'old shop' and it was sold in 1978 to settle an uncle's estate. I have some old pictures and copies of a catalog. I have always been sortof looking for a Clinedinst buggy or carriage ( there will be a rectangular nameplate saying "J.W. Clinedinst & Co. New Market, Va" nailed to the back of the rear axle) and there are a couple at the Luray Caverns Car & Carriage Caravan in Luray, Va.



For more information please read:

Virginia Conservation Commission and Virginia Works Progress Administration Historical Inventory Project of 1936-37

Beverly Rae Kimes - The Classic Car

Beverly Rae Kimes - The Classic Era

Beverly Rae Kimes - Packard: A History of the Motorcar and Company

Beverly Rae Kimes & Henry Austin Clark Jr. - Standard Catalog of American Cars 1805-1942

Richard Burns Carson - The Olympian Cars

Raymond A. Katzell - The Splendid Stutz

Marc Ralston - Pierce Arrow

Brooks T. Brierley - There Is No Mistaking a Pierce Arrow

Brooks T. Brierley - Auburn, Reo, Franklin and Pierce-Arrow Versus Cadillac, Chrysler, Lincoln and Packard

Brooks T. Brierley - Magic Motors 1930

Nick Georgano - The Beaulieu Encyclopedia of the Automobile: Coachbuilding

John Gunnell - Standard Catalog of American Cars, 1946-1975

James M. Flammang & Ron Kowalke - Standard Catalog of American Cars, 1976-1999

Daniel D. Hutchins - Wheels Across America: Carriage Art & Craftsmanship

Marian Suman-Hreblay - Dictionary of World Coachbuilders and Car Stylists

Michael Lamm and Dave Holls - A Century of Automotive Style: 100 Years of American Car Design

Thomas E. Bonsall - The Lincoln Motorcar: Sixty Years of Excellence

Fred Roe - Duesenberg: The Pursuit of Perfection

Arthur W. Soutter - The American Rolls-Royce

John Webb De Campi - Rolls-Royce in America

Hugo Pfau - The Custom Body Era

Hugo Pfau - The Coachbult Packard

Griffith Borgeson - Cord: His Empire His Motor Cars

Don Butler - Auburn Cord Duesenberg

George H. Dammann - 90 Years of Ford

George H. Dammann & James K. Wagner - The Cars of Lincoln-Mercury

Thomas A. MacPherson - The Dodge Story

F. Donald Butler - Plymouth-Desoto Story

Fred Crismon - International Trucks

George H. Dammann - Seventy Years of Chrysler

Walter M.P. McCall - 80 Years of Cadillac LaSalle

Maurice D. Hendry - Cadillac, Standard of the World: The complete seventy-year history

George H. Dammann & James A. Wren - Packard

Dennis Casteele - The Cars of Oldsmobile

Terry B. Dunham & Lawrence R. Gustin - Buick: A Complete History

George H. Dammann - Seventy Years of Buick

George H. Dammann - 75 Years of Chevrolet

John Gunnell - Seventy-Five Years of Pontiac-Oakland


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